A. It is necessary to study Islam.
It has power and vitality.
At times it has shown its power of getting rid of accretions.
New movements. I pin no faith on them but they indicate confusion
and inner unrest.
Islam and modern world and British Empire.
B. Islam and Empire.
The effect of Arab Empire on Islam.
They destroyed Rome and Persia and built another Imperialism.
Causes of empire building:
Religious zeal; burning ardour to regenerate mankind;
Whatever may be the causes the effect was not good. Empire
brought men belonging to earlier ascetic cultures, which
Spengler describes as Magian, within the fold of Islam. The
result was the conversion of Islam to a pre-Islamic creed with
all the philosophical controversies of these creeds:
… (Ruh, Nafs, Quran: Hadith, Qadim). Real Islam had very
C. Difficulties of modern student of Islam.
He must wade through a tremendous literature and read the
Quran. I have done so and try to give you what I honestly
believe to be real Islam.
D. What is Islam?
Is it religion? Etymology of religion.
… (Din) as used in the Quran.
Obedience to the Law (read v. 18, Quran).
Characteristics of early Asiatic religions.
Revelation in early religion—a mystic process.
Islam laid the foundations of understanding it
scientifically. Quran, Ibn Khaldun, Sufism.
Salvation … (Najat)
Wholly unworldliness …3
caves, catacombs. Cf. Christianity and Islam. Jesus:
Fear of the invisible …5
Some secret teaching. Cf. Spengler, Vol. II, page 246.
Read also Martineau, Vol. I.6
Belief in the unreality of the world and time …7
Theocracy. Islam was a protest against all pre-Islamic religions in
the world as it was found at the time Islam appeared.
The world is real. Time is real.
No more prophets (expected ones).
No freedom from limitation. No mediation.
No Qismat (fatalism). Is Islam a theocracy?
Relation of Church and State.
What is State? A contract like marriage.
E. But Islam is much more than religion.
Peace internal and external (Cf. v. 18)
It is deracialisation of man (external peace);
It aims at economic equality (internal security)
F. This lecture to close.
Two closing observations:
The message of Islam;
Islam is not the foe or even rival of Christianity.
In the work of civilization it is co-worker.
Second Lecture: The Law of Islam
See book of Dickinson, After Two Thousand Years.
In Magian culture 'Revelation' a mystical process.
In Islamic Sufism this mystical process understood
Is it morality touched with emotion?
A. Religion. Is it belief in a God or gods with some kind of
worship? In caves?
Is it wholly otherworldliness? Monasticism (Mithraism)
(Darkness) (Mosque) …8
Is it fear of the invisible? …9
Is it intimacy with the supersensible? Partly yes,
but the supersensible opened, to be approached in scientific
spirit. Ibn Khaldun, idea of finality.
Is it some secret teaching to be handed orally
All early Magian religions believed in it. (Spengler, p.
246, Vol. II); Islam: No …10
Religion (origin of word).
… (Mazhab) not used in the Quran.
Words used in the Quran:
… (Millat, Minhaj, Din)
What is the meaning of … [Millat], and … [Din]?
Martineau, Vol. I
B. Islam—a protest against all religions in the old sense of
Abolition of Prophethood: …11
Islam and Time …12
The idea of Salvation (Najat) in Islam.
Is it a Salvation-religion?
… (Najat) is used only once in the Quran. What is
No secret teaching.
Belief in God: … (Ghaib)
Deracialisation of mankind …13
Economic equality (… etc.)14
C. Church and State?
Is Islamic community a juristic person?
Is Islamic State a juristic person?
Relation of Church and State.
What is State? Like marriage a contract.
The Amir is the Shaikhul Islam, etc.
Hereditary Monarchy. History of Islam.
Karbala? Effect of it.
D. Islam and the Woman.
E. Islam and Capitalism.
To the Magian culture 'Revelation' is a mystical process
in which some spirit enters the body of a person who speaks
it. In Islam Wahy
(Quote verses: …)15 is universal property of life in which
a man comes into contact with the ultimate springs of life.
It manifests itself in three ways. It is abolished as a
source of knowledge. In Islam contemplation of Athar16 spreads into thought and action. It realizes the immensity
of the world in which old conceptions of race, community,
creed dwindle into nothing. It is light17 … It draws the world
from caves to the open day light …18
The word Salvation … [Najat]
What is Najat? Liberation from what? —Not from the
limitations of individuality …19 —not liberation from the
tension of consciousness. Is it relief of the ego's
loneliness in the universe? The conception of God—comrade: …20
(a) Sleep liberates …22
(b) Wine liberates and breaks the vigour of consciousness: …23
(c) Dancing also liberates: …24
All these means of escape from space and time are
You should overcome space and time by …25 i.e. mastering
actuality by understanding …26
Fear of the visible actuality, i.e. space and time is
removed when we begin to understand things as causal relations …27 —
knowledge of world as nature—actuality.
Fear overcome not by charms but by formula.
(d) Knowledge of world as movement—history—Sufism.
… (Iman) — Security.
Religious movements in Islam:
- Ibn Taimiyya
- Abdul Wahhab Babi
- Ahmadiyya etc. => Prophesies. All more or less
- Syed Ahmad—Rationalism
- The new movement
- The coming of the expected one … [Messiah] (Jesus) …
No return …28